Nie, Z., Mei, Y., Malek, R. L., Marcuzzi, A., Lee, N. H., Ramkumar, V.
A Role of P75 In NGF-mediated Down-regulation of the A(2A) Adenosine Receptors In PC12 Cells
Mol Pharmacol. 1999 Nov 01; 56(5): 947-54.
Nerve growth factor (NGF) induces differentiation of the rat pheochromocytoma clone (PC12) by activating the high affinity receptor, p140(trkA), linked to mitogen-activated protein kinase. While the physiological role of the low affinity NGF receptor (p75) has not been clearly defined, this receptor promotes activation of nuclear factor (NF) kappaB in Schwann cells. PC12 cells express the A(2A) adenosine receptor (AR), whose expression is significantly decreased by NGF treatment. In this study, we determined whether TrkA or p75 is involved in NGF-mediated regulation of A(2A)AR expression. NGF treatment decreased A(2A)AR in a time-dependent manner, with maximal effects observed by 1 day, and continued down-regulation of the receptor for up to 3 days in the presence of NGF. The decrease in A(2A)AR was associated with a more delayed decrease in the steady-state levels of the A(2A)AR mRNA. Down-regulation of the A(2A)AR at 1 day was mimicked by activators of NFkappaB, such as H(2)O(2), and ceramide, and was attenuated by the inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate or following transient transfection of PC12 cells with a dominant negative IkappaBalpha mutant. Moreover, NGF stimulated nuclear accumulation of p65 subunits of NFkappaB (but not p50 subunits) in PC12 cells, as determined by electrophoretic mobility shift assays and by Western blotting. In contrast, inhibition of TrkA by AG879 or of TrkA-dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase with PD98059 blocked PC12 cell differentiation without affecting A(2A)AR down-regulation, suggesting dissociation between these two phenomena. Taken together, these data provide strong support for the involvement of the p75/NFkappaB pathway in NGF-mediated down-regulation of A(2A)AR in PC12 cells.