JCVI: ADP-ribosylation Factor (ARF)-like 3, a New Member of the ARF Family of GTP-binding Proteins Cloned from Human and Rat Tissues
 
 
Section Banner

Publications

Citation

Cavenagh, M. M., Breiner, M., Schurmann, A., Rosenwald, A. G., Terui, T., Zhang, C., Randazzo, P. A., Adams, M., Joost, H. G., Kahn, R. A.

ADP-ribosylation Factor (ARF)-like 3, a New Member of the ARF Family of GTP-binding Proteins Cloned from Human and Rat Tissues

J Biol Chem. 1994 Jul 22; 269(29): 18937-42.

PubMed Citation

Abstract

The human and rat homologues of a new member of the ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) family of 21-kDa GTP-binding proteins, termed Arl3, were identified as an expressed sequence tag (human) and as a product of polymerase chain reaction amplification using degenerate probes derived from conserved sequences in members of the ARF family (rat). Alignments of the full-length open reading frames of the human and rat homologues revealed the encoded proteins to be over 97% identical to each other and 43% identical to human ARF1. Northern blots of mRNA from seven human tissues and four rat tissues revealed the presence of a ubiquitous band of about 1 kilobase in length that hybridized with the corresponding Arl3 probes. A number of human tumor cell lines expressed Arl3, as determined by immunoblotting with an Arl-specific antibody, raised against a peptide derived from the human Arl3 sequence. The level of Arl3 expressed in these cell lines was on the order of 0.01% of total cell protein. Purified recombinant human Arl3 was shown to bind guanine nucleotides but lacks ARF activity and intrinsic or ARF GTPase-activating protein-stimulated GTPase activity. In contrast to ARF proteins, the Arl3 protein has reduced dependence on phospholipids and magnesium for guanine nucleotide exchange. Thus, Arl3 is a ubiquitously expressed GTP-binding protein in the ARF family with distinctive biochemical properties consistent with its having unique, but unknown, role(s) in cell physiology.