Guo, Q. M., Malek, R. L., Kim, S., Chiao, C., He, M., Ruffy, M., Sanka, K., Lee, N. H., Dang, C. V., Liu, E. T.
Identification of C-myc Responsive Genes Using Rat CDNA Microarray
Cancer Res. 2000 Nov 01; 60(21): 5922-8.
c-Myc functions through direct activation or repression of transcription. Using cDNA microarray analysis, we have identified c-Myc-responsive genes by comparing gene expression profiles between c-myc null and c-myc wild-type rat fibroblast cells and between c-myc null and c-myc null cells reconstituted with c-myc. From a panel of 4400 cDNA elements, we found 198 genes responsive to c-myc when comparing wild-type or reconstituted cells with the null cells. The plurality of the named c-Myc-responsive genes that were up-regulated, including 30 ribosomal protein genes, are involved in macromolecular synthesis and metabolism, suggesting a major role of c-Myc in the regulation of protein synthetic and metabolic pathways. When ectopically overexpressed, c-Myc induced a different and smaller set of c-Myc-responsive genes as compared with the physiologically expressed c-Myc condition. Thus, these results from expression profiling suggest a new primary function for c-Myc and raise the possibility that the physiological and transforming functions of c-myc may be separable.