Integrated Next-generation Sequencing of 16S RDNA and Metaproteomics Differentiate the Healthy Urine Microbiome from Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Neuropathic Bladder Associated With Spinal Cord Injury.
Journal of Translational Medicine. 2012 Sep 01; 10: 174.
Clinical dogma is that healthy urine is sterile and the presence of bacteria with an inflammatory response is indicative of urinary tract infection (UTI). Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) represents the state in which bacteria are present but the inflammatory response is negligible. Differentiating ABU from UTI is diagnostically challenging, but critical because overtreatment of ABU can perpetuate antimicrobial resistance while undertreatment of UTI can result in increased morbidity and mortality. In this study, we describe key characteristics of the healthy and ABU urine microbiomes utilizing 16S rRNA gene (16S rDNA) sequencing and metaproteomics, with the future goal of utilizing this information to personalize the treatment of UTI based on key individual characteristics.