JCVI: Iron-Dependent Hydrogenases of Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia Lamblia: Activity of the Recombinant Entamoebic Enzyme and Evidence for Lateral Gene Transfer
 
 
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Nixon, J. E., Field, J., McArthur, A. G., Sogin, M. L., Yarlett, N., Loftus, B. J., Samuelson, J.

Iron-Dependent Hydrogenases of Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia Lamblia: Activity of the Recombinant Entamoebic Enzyme and Evidence for Lateral Gene Transfer

Biol Bull. 2003 Feb 01; 204(1): 1-9.

PubMed Citation

Abstract

Entamoeba histolytica and Spironucleus barkhanus have genes that encode short iron-dependent hydrogenases (Fe-hydrogenases), even though these protists lack hydrogenosomes. To understand better the biochemistry of the protist Fe-hydrogenases, we prepared a recombinant E. histolytica short Fe-hydrogenase and measured its activity in vitro. A Giardia lamblia gene encoding a short Fe-hydrogenase was identified from shotgun genomic sequences, and RT-PCR showed that cultured entamoebas and giardias transcribe short Fe-hydrogenase mRNAs. A second E. histolytica gene, which encoded a long Fe-hydrogenase, was identified from shotgun genomic sequences. Phylogenetic analyses suggested that the short Fe-hydrogenase genes of entamoeba and diplomonads share a common ancestor, while the long Fe-hydrogenase gene of entamoeba appears to have been laterally transferred from a bacterium. These results are discussed in the context of competing ideas for the origins of genes encoding fermentation enzymes of these protists.