JCVI: Molecular Staging for Survival Prediction of Colorectal Cancer Patients
 
 
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Citation

Eschrich, S., Yang, I., Bloom, G., Kwong, K. Y., Boulware, D., Cantor, A., Coppola, D., Kruhoffer, M., Aaltonen, L., Orntoft, T. F., Quackenbush, J., Yeatman, T. J.

Molecular Staging for Survival Prediction of Colorectal Cancer Patients

J Clin Oncol. 2005 May 20; 23(15): 3526-35.

PubMed Citation

Abstract

PURPOSE The Dukes' staging system is the gold standard for predicting colorectal cancer prognosis; however, accurate classification of intermediate-stage cases is problematic. We hypothesized that molecular fingerprints could provide more accurate staging and potentially assist in directing adjuvant therapy. METHODS A 32,000 cDNA microarray was used to evaluate 78 human colon cancer specimens, and these results were correlated with survival. Molecular classifiers were produced to predict outcome. Results Molecular staging, based on 43 core genes, was 90% accurate (93% sensitivity, 84% specificity) in predicting 36-month overall survival in 78 patients. This result was significantly better than Dukes' staging (P = .03878), discriminated patients into significantly different groups by survival time (P < .001, log-rank test), and was significantly different from chance (P < .001, 1,000 permutations). Furthermore, the classifier was able to discriminate a survival difference in an independent test set from Denmark. Molecular staging identifies patient prognosis (as represented by 36-month survival) more accurately than the traditional clinical staging, particularly for intermediate Dukes' stage B and C patients. The classifier was based on a core set of 43 genes, including osteopontin and neuregulin, which have biologic significance for this disease. CONCLUSION These data support further evaluation of molecular staging to discriminate good from poor prognosis patients, with the potential to direct adjuvant therapy.