Williams PG, Buchanan GO, Feling RH, Kauffman CA, Jensen PR, Fenical W
New Cytotoxic Salinosporamides from the Marine Actinomycete Salinispora Tropica.
The Journal of organic chemistry. 2005 Aug 05; 70: 6196-203.
An extensive study of the secondary metabolites produced by the obligate marine actinomycete Salinispora tropica (strain CNB-392), the producing microbe of the potent proteasome inhibitor salinosporamide A (1), has led to the isolation of seven related gamma-lactams. The most important of these compounds were salinosporamide B (3), which is the deschloro-analogue of 1, and salinosporamide C (4), which is a decarboxylated pyrrole analogue. New SAR data for all eight compounds, derived from extensive testing against the human colon carcinoma HCT-116 and the 60-cell-line panel at the NCI, indicate that the chloroethyl moiety plays a major role in the enhanced activity of 1.