Yuan D, Lasagni A, Hendricks JL, Martin DC, Das S
Patterning of Periodic Nano-cavities on PEDOT-PSS Using Nanosphere-assisted Near-field Optical Enhancement and Laser Interference Lithography.
Nanotechnology. 2012 Jan 13; 23: 015304.
A simple approach for creating periodic nano-cavities and periodic stripes of nano-cavity arrays on poly (3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT-PSS) thin films using a combination of optical near-field enhancement through self-assembled silica nanospheres and laser interference lithography is presented. Monolayers of close-packed silica nanospheres (800, 600, and 430 nm in diameter) are self-assembled on 2 Ã‚Âµm thick PEDOT-PSS electropolymerized films and are subsequently irradiated with 10 ns pulses of 355 nm wavelength laser light. Over areas spanning 2 cm(2), circular nano-cavities with central holes of size 50-200 nm and surrounding craters of size 100-400 nm are formed in the PEDOT-PSS films directly underneath the nanospheres due to strong enhancement (11-18 fold) of the incident light in the near-field, which is confirmed through Mie scattering theory. Predictions from theoretical simulations examining the combined effects of near-field enhancement and interference are in good agreement with the experimental results. The results illustrate the versatility of the described technique for creating nano-cavity arrays or nano-pores in PEDOT-PSS over large areas with designed periodicity and hole size.