JCVI: Previously Unrecognized Vaccine Candidates Against Group B Meningococcus Identified by DNA Microarrays
 
 
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Citation

Grifantini, R., Bartolini, E., Muzzi, A., Draghi, M., Frigimelica, E., Berger, J., Ratti, G., Petracca, R., Galli, G., Agnusdei, M., Giuliani, M. M., Santini, L., Brunelli, B., Tettelin, H., Rappuoli, R., Randazzo, F., Grandi, G.

Previously Unrecognized Vaccine Candidates Against Group B Meningococcus Identified by DNA Microarrays

Nat Biotechnol. 2002 Sep 01; 20(9): 914-21.

PubMed Citation

Abstract

We have used DNA microarrays to follow Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MenB) gene regulation during interaction with human epithelial cells. Host-cell contact induced changes in the expression of 347 genes, more than 30% of which encode proteins with unknown function. The upregulated genes included transporters of iron, chloride, amino acids, and sulfate, many virulence factors, and the entire pathway of sulfur-containing amino acids. Approximately 40% of the 189 upregulated genes coded for peripherally located proteins, suggesting that cell contact promoted a substantial reorganization of the cell membrane. This was confirmed by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis on adhering bacteria using mouse sera against twelve adhesion-induced proteins. Of the 12 adhesion-induced surface antigens, 5 were able to induce bactericidal antibodies in mice, demonstrating that microarray technology is a valid approach for identifying new vaccine candidates and nicely complements other genome mining strategies used for vaccine discovery.