Zheng YJ, Zhou B, Song ZF, Li L, Wu J, Zhang RY, Tang YQ
Study of Astragalus mongholicus polysaccharides on endothelial cells permeability induced by HMGB1.
Carbohydrate polymers. 2013 Jan 30; 92: 934-41.
Astragalus mongholicus polysaccharide (APS) shows various biological activities. Here, we explored the effect of APS on high mobility group protein 1 (HMGB1) -induced endothelial cell permeability. The results indicated APS pretreatment effectively inhibited HMGB1-induced increased permeability in endothelial cells (ECs). Signal transduction studies showed APS inhibited not only the activation of small guanylate Rho and its downstream effector Rho kinase (ROCK), but also the subsequent phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC) in ECs. In conclusion, our investigations suggested that APS inhibited HMGB1-induced increased permeability in ECs, regulated by Rho/ROCK signal pathways.