Sharov, V., Kwong, K. Y., Frank, B., Chen, E., Hasseman, J., Gaspard, R., Yu, Y., Yang, I., Quackenbush, J.
The Limits of Log-ratios
BMC Biotechnol. 2004 Mar 08; 4(1): 3.
BACKGROUND: DNA microarray assays typically compare two biological samples and present the results of those comparisons gene-by-gene as the logarithm base two of the ratio of the measured expression levels for the two samples. RESULTS: Because of the fixed dynamic range of fluorescence and other detection systems, there is a limit to the range of comparisons that can be made using any array technology, and this must be taken into account when interpreting the results of any such analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The dynamic range of microarray data collection systems results in limits in the comparative analyses that can be derived from such measurements and suggests that optimal results can be obtained by making measurements that avoid the boundaries of that dynamic range.