Papazisi, L., Ratnayake, S., Remortel, B. G., Bock, G. R., Liang, W., Saeed, A. I., Liu, J., Fleischmann, R. D., Kilian, M., Peterson, S. N.
Tracing Phylogenomic Events Leading to Diversity of Haemophilus influenzae and the Emergence of Brazilian Purpuric Fever (BPF)-associated Clones
Genomics. 2010 Jul 20;
Here we report the use of a multi-genome DNA microarray to elucidate the genomic events associated with the emergence of the clonal variants of H. influenzae biogroup aegyptius causing Brazilian Purpuric Fever (BPF), an important pediatric disease with a high mortality rate. We performed directed genome sequencing of strain HK1212 unique loci to construct a species DNA microarray. Comparative genome hybridization using this microarray enabled us to determine and compare gene complements, and infer reliable phylogenomic relationships among members of the species. The higher genomic variability observed in the genomes of BPF-related strains (clones) and their close relatives may be characterized by significant gene flux related to a subset of functional role categories. We found that the acquisition of a large number of virulence determinants featuring numerous cell membrane proteins coupled to the loss of genes involved in transport, central biosynthetic pathways and in particular, energy production pathways to be characteristics of the BPF genomic variants.