fatvg encodes a new localized RNA that uses a 25-nucleotide element (FVLE1) to localize to the vegetal cortex of Xenopus oocytes.

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Authors: Chan AP, Kloc M, Etkin LD
Title: fatvg encodes a new localized RNA that uses a 25-nucleotide element (FVLE1) to localize to the vegetal cortex of Xenopus oocytes.
Citation: Development (Cambridge, England). 1999-11-01; 126.22: 4943-53.
Abstract:
Vegetally localized transcripts have been implicated in a number of important biological functions, including cell fate determination and embryonic patterning. We have isolated a cDNA, fatvg, which encodes a localized maternal transcript that exhibits a localization pattern reminiscent of Vg1 mRNA. fatvg is the homologue of a mammalian gene expressed in adipose tissues. The fatvg transcript, unlike Vg1 which localizes strictly through the Late pathway, also associates with the mitochondrial cloud that is characteristic of the METRO or Early pathway. This suggests that fatvg mRNA may utilize both the METRO and Late pathways to localize to the vegetal cortex during oogenesis. We have dissected the cis-acting localization elements of fatvg mRNA and compared these elements with Vg1 mRNA. Our results indicate that, like most localized RNAs, in a variety of systems, transcripts of fatvg contain localization elements in the 3'UTR. The 3'UTR of fatvg mRNA contains multiple elements that are able to function independently; however, it functions most efficiently when all of the elements are present. We have defined a short 25-nucleotide element that can direct vegetal localization as a single copy. This element differs in sequence from previously described Vg1 localization elements, suggesting that different localization elements are involved in the localization of RNAs through the Late pathway.
PMID: 10529413

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