Experimental hematology. 2021-02-01; 94.37-46.

Arid2 regulates hematopoietic stem cell differentiation in normal hematopoiesis

Bluemn T, Schmitz J, Chen Y, Zheng Y, Zhang Y, Zheng S, Burns R, DeJong J, Christiansen L, Izaguirre-Carbonell J, Wang D, Zhu N

PMID: 33346030


The switch/sugar nonfermenting (SWI/SNF) family of chromatin remodeling complexes have been implicated in normal hematopoiesis. The ARID2 protein is a component of the polybromo-associated BAF (PBAF), one of the two main SWI/SNF complexes. In the current study, we used a conditional Arid2 knockout mouse model to determine its role in normal hematopoiesis. We found that the loss of Arid2 has no discernable effects on steady-state hematopoiesis, with the exception of a modest effect on erythropoiesis. On bone marrow transplantation, however, the loss of Arid2 affects HSC differentiation in a cell-autonomous manner, resulting in significant decreases in the ability to reconstitute the lymphoid lineage. Gene expression analysis of Arid2 knockout cells revealed enrichment of myeloid-biased multipotent progenitor (MPP) cell signatures, while the lymphoid-biased MPPs are enriched in the wild type, consistent with the observed phenotype. Moreover, Arid2 knockout cells revealed enrichment of inflammatory pathways with upregulation of TLR receptors, as well as downstream signaling cascade genes. Furthermore, under lymphocyte-biased growth conditions in vitro, Arid2 null bone marrow cells have significantly impaired proliferation, which decreased further on lipopolysaccharide stimulation. Overall, these data suggest that the loss of Arid2 impairs HSC differentiation ability, and this effect may be mediated through upregulation of inflammatory pathways.

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