A Histologic and Histomorphometric Retrospective Analysis of the Outcomes of Ridge Preservation Using Anorganic Bovine Bone Minerals and a Nonresorbable Membrane
Min S, Freire M, Bakshallian N, Bakhshalian N, Wu I, Zadeh HH
The objective of this study was to examine wound healing in extraction sockets following ridge preservation and the outcome of implants placed in those sites. Extraction sockets (N = 31) were grafted with anorganic bovine bone mineral (ABBM) and covered with dense polytetrafluoroethylene membrane. Bone cores obtained during implant placement were examined histologically and histomorphometrically. Percentages of vital bone and residual graft were 37.5% ± 21.3% and 12.5% ± 8.9%, respectively. New vital bone showed a negative correlation with patient age. Percentage of vital bone formation in sockets was correlated with neither postgraft wound healing time nor peri-implant marginal bone level.