Poultry science. 2021-03-01; 100.3: 100893.

Prevalence, biosecurity factor, and antimicrobial susceptibility analysis of Salmonella species isolated from commercial duck farms in Korea

Kim TS, Kim GS, Son JS, Lai VD, Mo IP, Jang H

PMID: 33518320


Duck meat consumption in South Korea has increased in recent years, but no standard about duck farm-specific biosecurity and hygiene guidelines have yet been established. We here investigated Salmonella contamination levels in duck farms to evaluate biosecurity and hygiene practices. We collected 1,116 environmental samples from 31 duck farms in Jeonnam Province, South Korea. The Salmonella-positive farm rate dramatically increased, from 22.6 to 71.0%, on introduction of ducklings. As the ducklings aged 4-6 wk, the positive rate slightly decreased to 64.5%. The Salmonella detection rate on each sampled surface, such as the feed pan (34.4%), wall (33.9%), litter (32.3%), and nipples (24.2%), was highest at 3 wk of age. The most frequently detected Salmonella serovars were Salmonella London (22.2%), Salmonella Albany (21.6%), Salmonella Bareilly (17.0%), and Salmonella Indiana (16.5%). Implementation of cleaning and disinfection procedures, rodent control, and metal house walls significantly lowered the prevalence of Salmonella (P < 0.001, P < 0.01, and P < 0.05, respectively). A high proportion of Salmonella isolates exhibited antimicrobial resistance: 100 and 62.9% exhibited resistance to erythromycin and nalidixic acid, respectively. Furthermore, a majority of S. Albany and all Salmonella Enteritidis isolates were multidrug resistant. These results indicate the level of Salmonella contamination in duck farm environments in Korea is high. Good biosecurity and hygiene practices are the most effective measures for controlling Salmonella contamination.

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