Succession and determinants of the early life nasopharyngeal microbiota in a South African birth cohort
Claassen-Weitz S, Gardner-Lubbe S, Xia Y, Mwaikono KS, Mounaud SH, Nierman WC, Workman L, Zar HJ, Nicol MP
Bacteria colonizing the nasopharynx play a key role as gatekeepers of respiratory health. Yet, dynamics of early life nasopharyngeal (NP) bacterial profiles remain understudied in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where children have a high prevalence of risk factors for lower respiratory tract infection. We investigated longitudinal changes in NP bacterial profiles, and associated exposures, among healthy infants from low-income households in South Africa.