Pollak B, Matute T, Nuñez I, Cerda A, Lopez C, Vargas V, Kan A, Bielinski V, von Dassow P, Dupont CL, Federici F
Universal loop assembly: open, efficient and cross-kingdom DNA fabrication.
Synthetic biology (Oxford, England). 2020-02-05; 5.1: ysaa001.
Standardized type IIS DNA assembly methods are becoming essential for biological engineering and research. These methods are becoming widespread and more accessible due to the proposition of a 'common syntax' that enables higher interoperability between DNA libraries. Currently, Golden Gate (GG)-based assembly systems, originally implemented in host-specific vectors, are being made compatible with multiple organisms. We have recently developed the GG-based Loop assembly system for plants, which uses a small library and an intuitive strategy for hierarchical fabrication of large DNA constructs (>30 kb). Here, we describe 'universal Loop' (uLoop) assembly, a system based on Loop assembly for use in potentially any organism of choice. This design permits the use of a compact number of plasmids (two sets of four odd and even vectors), which are utilized repeatedly in alternating steps. The elements required for transformation/maintenance in target organisms are also assembled as standardized parts, enabling customization of host-specific plasmids. Decoupling of the Loop assembly logic from the host-specific propagation elements enables universal DNA assembly that retains high efficiency regardless of the final host. As a proof-of-concept, we show the engineering of multigene expression vectors in diatoms yeast, plants and bacteria. These resources are available through the OpenMTA for unrestricted sharing and open access.