Journal of natural products. 2024-03-22; 87.3: 491-500.

Unusual Sesquiterpenes from Streptomyces olindensis DAUFPE 5622

Chagas FO, Garrido LM, Conti R, Borges RM, Bielinski VA, Padilla G, Pupo MT

PMID: 38422010


In nature, the vast majority of sesquiterpenes are produced by type I mechanisms, and glycosylated sesquiterpenes are rare in actinobacteria. DAUFPE 5622 produces the sesquiterpenes olindenones A-G, a new class of rearranged drimane sesquiterpenes. Olindenones B-D are oxygenated derivatives of olindenone A, while olindenones E-G are analogs glycosylated with dideoxysugars. C-isotope labeling studies demonstrated olindenone A biosynthesis occurs via the methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathway and suggested the rearrangement is only partially concerted. Based on the structures, one potential mechanism of olindenone A formation proceeds by cyclization of the linear terpenoid precursor, likely occurring via a terpene cyclase-mediated type II mechanism whereby the terminal alkene of the precursor is protonated, triggering carbocation-driven cyclization followed by rearrangement. Diphosphate hydrolysis may occur either before or after cyclization. Although a biosynthetic route is proposed, the terpene cyclase gene responsible for producing olindenones currently remains unidentified.