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Mouse BAC ends quality assessment and sequence analyses.

A large-scale BAC end-sequencing project at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) has generated one of the most extensive sets of sequence markers for the mouse genome to date. With a sequencing success rate of >80%, an average read length of 485 bp, and ABI3700 capillary sequencers, we have generated 449,234 nonredundant mouse BAC end sequences (mBESs) with 218 Mb total from 257,318 clones from libraries RPCI-23 and RPCI-24, representing 15x clone coverage, 7% sequence coverage, and a...


Updated BAC Ends Protocols available in PDF format

Updated BAC Ends Protocols available in PDF format


Human BAC ends.

The Human BAC Ends database includes all non-redundant human BAC end sequences (BESs) generated by The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR), the University of Washington (UW) and California Institute of Technology (CalTech). It incorporates the available BAC mapping data from different genome centers and the annotation results of each end sequence for the contents of repeats, ESTs and STS markers. For each BAC end the database integrates the sequence, the phred quality scores, the map and...


Human BAC ends quality assessment and sequence analyses.

End sequences from bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) provide highly specific sequence markers in large-scale sequencing projects. To date, we have generated >300,000 end sequences from >186,000 human BAC clones with an average read length of >460 bp for a total of 141 Mb covering approximately 4.7% of the genome. Over 60% of the clones have BAC end sequences (BESs) from both ends representing more than fivefold coverage of the human genome by the paired-end clones. Our quality...


Construction of a BAC library and generation of BAC end sequence-tagged connectors for genome sequencing of the African malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae.

A Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC) genomic DNA library of Anopheles gambiae, the major human malaria vector in sub-Saharan Africa, was constructed and characterized. This library (ND-TAM) is composed of 30,720 BAC clones in eighty 384-well plates. The estimated average insert size of the library is 133 kb, with an overall genome coverage of approximately 14-fold. The ends of approximately two-thirds of the clones in the library were sequenced, yielding 32,340 pair-mate ends. A...


Concomitant reiterative BAC walking and fine genetic mapping enable physical map development for the broad-spectrum late blight resistance region, RB.

The wild potato species Solanum bulbocastanum is a source of genes for potent late blight resistance. We previously mapped resistance to a single region of the S. bulbocastanum chromosome 8 and named the region RB (for "Resistance from S. Bulbocastanum"). We now report physical mapping and contig construction for the RB region via a novel reiterative method of BAC walking and concomitant fine genetic mapping. BAC walking was initiated using RFLP markers previously shown to be associated...


A comprehensive BAC resource.

The Human Genome Project has generated extensive map and sequence data for a large number of Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC) clones. In order to maximize the efficient use of the data and to minimize the redundant work for the research community, The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) comprehensive BAC resource (cBACr) (http://www.tigr.org/tdb/BacResource/BAC_resourc e_intro. html) was built as an expansion of the TIGR human BAC ends database. This resource collects, integrates and...


Mapping the Mouse Genome

August 5, 2002 An international consortium that includes The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) has developed the most comprehensive physical map so far of the mouse genome, an important resource for identifying both mouse and human genes. The consortium, whose work was coordinated by the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in the United Kingdom, published its physical map of the mouse genome - which covers about 98% of the mouse DNA sequence - in Nature online on August 4th. The...


Genome enablement of the notothenioidei: genome size estimates from 11 species and BAC libraries from 2 representative taxa.

The perciform suborder Notothenoidei provides a compelling opportunity to study the adaptive radiation of a marine species flock in the cold Southern Ocean surrounding Antarctica. To enable genome-level studies of these psychrophilic fishes, we estimated the sizes of the genomes of 11 Antarctic species and generated high-quality BAC libraries for 2, the notothen Notothenia coriiceps and the icefish Chaenocephalus aceratus. Our results indicate that evolution of phylogenetically derived...


High-throughput fingerprinting of bacterial artificial chromosomes using the snapshot labeling kit and sizing of restriction fragments by capillary electrophoresis.

We have developed an automated, high-throughput fingerprinting technique for large genomic DNA fragments suitable for the construction of physical maps of large genomes. In the technique described here, BAC DNA is isolated in a 96-well plate format and simultaneously digested with four 6-bp-recognizing restriction endonucleases that generate 3' recessed ends and one 4-bp-recognizing restriction endonuclease that generates a blunt end. Each of the four recessed 3' ends is labeled with a...


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